Cutting the Gordian knot

2015-12-02

Front cover of Opuscula. Annual of the Swedish Institutes at Athens and Rome (OpAthRom) 8, Stockholm 2015. ISSN: 2000-0898. ISBN: 978-91-977798-7-6. Softcover, 196 pages.Opuscula 8 is now available for purchase and free download at Bokorder.se. Also available at Amazon.com, Bokus.com and Adlibris.com.

Cutting the Gordian knot. The iconography of Megaron 2 at Gordion

By Susanne Berndt

Abstract

This article examines the incised drawings of Early Phrygian Gordion, and in particular those of Megaron 2. Aspects of their iconographic and archaeological contexts are taken in to consideration, as well as literary sources and especially the story of the Gordian knot. The focus of the study is a series of incised labyrinths, which have hitherto not been recognized as such, but which are of particular interest for the analysis of this building. The myth of Theseus and the Minotaur in the labyrinth helps to throw light on both the images of Megaron 2 but also on the story of the Gordion knot, and how these are interlinked with each other. It is suggested that Ariadne’s ball of thread and the Gordian knot are two different expressions of a similar concept; both represent sovereignty provided by a Goddess. Megaron 2 seems to have been a building that was intimately connected with both the king and the Phrygian Mother Goddess.

Bibliographical information

Susanne Berndt, ‘Cutting the Gordian knot. The iconography of Megaron 2 at Gordion’, Opuscula. Annual of the Swedish Institutes at Athens and Rome (OpAthRom) 8, Stockholm 2015, 99–122. ISSN: 2000-0898. ISBN: 978-91-977798-7-6. http://doi.org/10.30549/opathrom-08-05

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